Crystal Falls is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 1,469. It is the county seat of Iron County. The city is located within Crystal Falls Township, but is a separate municipal entity. The area first developed as a major center for iron mining and the timber industry; it has become increasingly popular for tourism in recent years.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.61 square miles (9.35 km), of which 3.47 square miles (8.99 km) is land and 0.14 square miles (0.36 km) is water. The city is very hilly and the castle-like county courthouse (built in 1890) sits on the highest point, overlooking the downtown business district.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,469 people, 700 households, and 402 families residing in the city. The population density was 423.3 inhabitants per square mile (163.4/km). There were 893 housing units at an average density of 257.3 per square mile (99.3/km). The racial makeup of the city was 96.9% White, 0.2% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population.
There were 700 households of which 22.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.6% were non-families. 39.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.06 and the average family size was 2.73.
The median age in the city was 48.3 years. 19.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.3% were from 25 to 44; 32.1% were from 45 to 64; and 22.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.4% male and 50.6% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,791 people, 795 households, and 470 families residing in the city. The population density was 530.6 per square mile (204.6/km²). There were 913 housing units at an average density of 270.5 per square mile (104.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.05% White, 0.06% African American, 0.61% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.39% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.23% of the population. 17.1% were of Finnish, 15.5% Italian, 11.5% German, 9.4% Polish, 9.4% Swedish, 6.6% English and 5.3% French ancestry according to Census 2000. 97.5% spoke English, 1.1% Finnish and 1.1% Spanish as their first language.
There were 795 households out of which 24.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.8% were non-families. 36.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.78.
In the city, the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 21.7% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 28.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $26,637, and the median income for a family was $35,000. Males had a median income of $28,266 versus $20,144 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,538. About 7.5% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over.