Springfield is a city in Calhoun County in the U.S. state of Michigan. It is an enclave of the city of Battle Creek. The population was 5,260 at the 2010 census.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.70 square miles (9.58 km), of which 3.66 square miles (9.48 km) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 5,260 people, 2,156 households, and 1,213 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,437.2 inhabitants per square mile (554.9/km). There were 2,467 housing units at an average density of 674.0 per square mile (260.2/km). The racial makeup of the city was 76.6% White, 9.6% African American, 0.5% Native American, 7.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.1% from other races, and 4.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.1% of the population.
There were 2,156 households of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.3% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.7% were non-families. 35.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.08.
The median age in the city was 33.8 years. 25.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 11.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.1% were from 25 to 44; 24.5% were from 45 to 64; and 11.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.0% male and 50.0% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,189 people, 2,161 households, and 1,195 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,395.9 per square mile (538.6/km²). There were 2,367 housing units at an average density of 636.8 per square mile (245.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.30% White, 7.69% African American, 0.96% Native American, 1.37% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.08% from other races, and 2.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.51% of the population.
There were 2,161 households out of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.4% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.7% were non-families. 36.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.89.
In the city, the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,790, and the median income for a family was $34,272. Males had a median income of $29,433 versus $22,830 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,413. About 9.0% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over.